Apart from being famous for its tourism and culinary delights, South Sumatra also has customs that deserve to be studied. One of them is about the various kinds of traditional ceremonies in South Sumatra.
The following is the traditional ceremony of South Sumatra.
Various kinds of South Sumatra Traditional Ceremony & its explanation
1. The Bebehas Tradition
Previously, this tradition was often held in Muara Enim, South Sematera by collecting rice. Generally this event is held when a family will have a ceremony, for example a wedding.
Interestingly, the Bebehas tradition is only followed by mothers and daughters. The habit of mutual cooperation begins with Mengirik, which is separating the stalks from the rice. Then, the activity will be continued at Mengisal, namely the activity of drying the rice seeds.
2. The Ngobeng tradition
The Ngobeng tradition is the habit of eating together in the South Sumatra region. Generally, when guests come, they will be treated to various dishes.
This is intended as a tribute to guests and to strengthen relationships.
3. The Rame Alms Tradition
The Rame alms tradition in South Sumatra is only practiced by farmers. This tradition is carried out to ask for grace and help from God Almighty, so that during the planting process until the rice harvest.
This ceremony is marked by burning the akemenyan, followed by the recitation of a prayer. It is hoped that through this activity, the work in the fields will run smoothly and will eventually produce abundant rice.
4. Funeral Traditions
If someone dies, then in the South Sumatra custom, the person will be bathed first before being taught. Then after that it will be prayed for and buried. Generally, at this moment the family will cry with sad feelings.
5. Madik Tradition
In the custom of South Sumatra, there is a tradition of investigating a girl, which is done by a delegation from a male family. This habit is done to explore the origins and family tree, and to make sure the girl has been married or not.
6. The Tradition of Sucking
The Menengguk tradition is a continuation of the Madik Tradition. If the Madik process is successful, then to show seriousness, the male family will send a delegation to the woman’s family.
Well, on this occasion, usually a Sangkek or Tenong will be brought made of woven bamboo, which is wrapped in batik cloth with gold embroidery. Generally, the Sangkek will be filled with food in the form of flour, eggs, butter, and so on. This is done to ‘fence off’ the girl.
7. Ngebet Tradition
If the Swelling Tradition is successful, it will be followed by the Ngebet Tradition. On this occasion, the male family will return to visit the woman’s house. At this stage, both sides of the family stated that the girl had been “tied up” by the man.
As a sign of bonding, the man will give clothes, cloth, or valuable objects such as rings, bracelets, or necklaces. In addition, the male family will also hand over 3 packs of tenong, which are filled with sugar, flour and duck eggs.
8. Rice Tradition
On this occasion, the two families who are marrying off their children will meet each other. Generally, on this occasion it will be determined what the girl asks and what the man should give.
It is also during this moment that the girl will be introduced to the male family. All matters concerning the technicalities of marriage, both customary and religious, will be agreed on this occasion.
9. The Mutuske Kato Tradition
In this tradition, the male family will come back to the female residence. A total of 7 packs of tenong will also be brought, which contains wheat, duck eggs, granulated sugar, bananas, and fruits.
Generally, by tradition Kato decided this would be discussed at the event brought belanjo and ascension will be implemented.
10. Belanjo Nganterke Tradition
Furthermore, in this procession Ngaterke Belanjo will be done more by the women, while the men are only in charge of delivering. Generally, this tradition can be done a month or half before the Rise event.
Lots of things to buy, such as 12 kinds of fruit for party needs, sugar, tergiu, cakes, snacks, and more. In this tradition, the money is spent on yellow ponjen, which adorns the exact attributes of mangosteen.
11. Onion Grinding Tradition
The habit of Ngocek Bawang is the initial preparation for the Day of Rise. This event marked the start of preparations for seasoning, which held 2 days before Ascension.
On the 2nd day of Ngocek Bawang, heavy food preparation and fireplace, such as chicken, meat, and so on were also done. In this activity the besan will send representatives to come, consisting of men and women.
12. The Rising Tradition
The Rise Event is the culmination of a series of wedding traditions. Generally, this activity is done on holidays, between Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha.
Rising is defined as the phase in which the two brides will go about their household life. This event was held at the residence of the woman’s family. The male family will come by forming a formation.
13. Tradition of Rudat and Kuntau Groups
This tradition is part of the Munggah tradition, where the groom will be flanked by both parents. Then, there were two more people each carrying a spear, then there was also 1 person carrying a bridal umbrella.
In addition, the procession is also equipped with a spokesperson, direct flower bearer, as well as ponjen bearer and gegawan bearer and custom decoration.
14. Nyanjoi Tradition
The Nyanjoi ceremony was held the night after the Rise and Fall. Tradition nyanjoi executed twice. On the first night, those who came to this event were a group of young people. Meanwhile, for the second night was attended by the elderly. Such procedures also apply when the Nyanjoi tradition is performed after Nyemputi.
15. Nyemputi Tradition
After two days after the Rise, it will be followed by Nyemputi Tradition. This event is marked by the arrival of the groom, to invite the bride and groom to come to their place.
On the other hand, the bride is also ready to deliver to the bride. In this procession, a celebration is generally prepared at the groom’s house.
16. Ngater Penganten
At the time of the Nganter Penganten tradition, at the bride’s residence, a simbarun bathing ceremony was prepared. As for this event is done as a form of welcoming the groom who begins to get acquainted with the bride.
17. Bekarang Iwak
This tradition comes from Gandus District, which is one of the areas in Palembang. Well, on this occasion, residents will flock to catch fish, to be taken home for free.
For large fish, it will be sold by customary elders. The proceeds from the sale will be used for public needs, such as the construction of bridges or roads.
18. Tradisi Sunatan
The boy who grew up to be cut down leather peepee. Activities like this aim to keep the peepee clean from dirt and feces.
Such is the information about the traditional ceremonies of South Sumatra. Hope this review can be useful and provide a lot of knowledge for all readers.
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