Speaking of educational success, people often refer to a small country in northern Europe: Finland. The country with a population of 6 million is very famous for the progress of its education.
Inevitably, Finland is often a reference for educational observers. No exception in Indonesia.
Later, when initiating the “Full Day School”, Minister of Education and Culture Muhadjir Effendy claimed to imitate Finland.
In fact, if Minister Muhadjir diligently reads, school hours in Finland are actually very short: only 5 hours.
And even then it was interspersed with a 75-minute break and each break after each subject for 15 minutes.
Finland children have not been schooled before 7 years
In Nordic countries, such as Denmark, Sweden and Finland, children have not yet entered formal school before they are 7 years old.
Age before 7 years old still playing. Finns believe, children can learn and develop themselves through playing, imagining and socializing with their age.
Therefore, the pre-school period in Finland, which starts at the age of 5 years, places more emphasis on playing and socializing.
Little Exams and No Homework
In Finland, every 12 children are taught by 1 teacher.
That way, the opportunity for children to interact with their teachers is greater.
Vice versa, teachers can get to know and interact with their students.
Finland does not know the national exam.
There is no compulsory test for students up to the age of 17-19 years. The teacher evaluates their students.
The assessment is not an ingredient for graduation, rank or class, but rather information to improve student learning.
In addition, students in Finland are not burdened with heavy homework.
Fully State-funded School
All schools in Finland are funded by the state.
That way, the Finnish education system opens the widest space for every citizen to be able to access the best and quality education.
In addition to fully subsidizing schools, the state also provides lunch, health services and free public transportation for students.
Students in Finland receive the opportunity to rest for 75 minutes per day. Then there is a 15-minute break per lesson ending.
Finns are sure, enough rest and relaxation time helps students to focus again. In addition, breaks provide opportunities for students to interact more with their schoolmates.
In addition, children are given the opportunity to get quality sleep in the morning. Therefore, the new school hours begin at 9:00 or 09:45 and go home at 2:00 or 14.45.
Now Finland is carrying out a revolution in teaching methods, which is starting to replace the conventional method of “teaching with subjects” to “teaching with topics / phenomena”.
In the old method, students study with one particular subject per subject, such as history, geography, physics, mathematics, language and others.
In the new method, topic-based or phenomenon-based teaching, students will learn many subjects at once.
For example, the topic of the European Union, in which there is a matter of history, geography, language and economics.
With the country’s strong support for education, including funding all schools, Finland can realize the slogan “education for all”.
Social segregation was successfully avoided thanks to the absence of privileges for children from certain circles through elite schools.
Also there is no competition that promotes superior and bad schools, smart and not smart children, rich and poor, and others.